titles of works

All words are capitalized in titles except articles (a, an, the) and conjunctions (and, but, for, nor, or, so, yet) and prepositions (at, by, in, to, etc.) of less than four letters, except when they come at the beginning or end of a title. Always capitalize the principal words, including prepositions and conjunctions of four or more letters. That includes the word With.

Italicize the titles of:

  • Books, magazines, pamphlets
  • Long works and compositions
  • Works of art and art exhibitions
  • Legal cases
  • Plays, movies, television programs
  • Symphonies, concerts and operas, albums

If the text is already in italics, the above should be in roman type to differentiate. Titles of short poems, stories, speeches, lectures, presentations, chapters of books, TV show episodes and other short works are in quotation marks.


Use Roman, Quotation Marks for the Titles of:

  • Short poems, short stories
  • Articles
  • Speeches, presentations, posters
  • Chapters of books, TV show episodes and other short works
  • Songs

His favorite episode of I Love Lucy was “The Candy Factory.”

Song titles are in quotation marks and album names are in italics. The Beatles’ “Lucy in the Sky With Diamonds” is on the album Yellow Submarine.


Use Roman, No Quotes for Titles of:

  • Parts of a book. Spelled out and set lowercase: part III, page ix, chapter 19.
  • Names of apps, software, board games and video games: Monopoly, chess, Dungeons and Dragons, Angry Birds, Adobe Acrobat.

Hyphens in Titles:

Capitalize both parts of a hyphenated compound in headlines if both are actual words: Cease-Fire, Able-Bodied, Sit-In, Make-Believe.


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