titles of works

All words are capitalized in titles except articles (a, an, the) and conjunctions (and, but, for, nor, or, so, yet) and prepositions (at, by, in, to, etc.) of less than four letters, except when they come at the beginning or end of a title. Always capitalize the principal words, including prepositions and conjunctions of four or more letters.

Names of books, long works and compositions, works of art and art exhibitions, legal cases, magazines, pamphlets, plays, movies, television programs, symphonies, concerts and operas are always italicized. If the text is already in italics, the above should be in roman type to differentiate. Titles of short poems, stories, speeches, lectures, presentations, chapters of books, TV show episodes and other short works are in quotation marks.


Parts of Books:

References to parts of a book are set roman, spelled out and lowercase. Do not use italics or quotation marks: part III, page ix, chapter 19.


Quotation Marks:

Use quotation marks to enclose the titles of short poems, articles, stories, speeches, presentations, posters, chapters of books, TV show episodes and other short works. His favorite episode of I Love Lucy was “The Candy Factory.”

Song titles are in quotation marks and album names are in italics. The Beatles’ “Lucy in the Sky With Diamonds” is on the album Yellow Submarine.


Hyphens in Titles:

Capitalize both parts of a hyphenated compound in headlines if both are actual words: Cease-Fire, Able-Bodied, Sit-In, Make-Believe.


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